30
Jul
16

What is kleptocracy?

What is kleptocracy?

COMMENT In 2004 Transparency International named Indonesia president Suharto as the most corrupt world leader of the past 20 year who stole between US$15 billion to US$35 billion. He topped notorious kleptocrat Ferdinand Marcos of the Phillipines who robbed between US$5 billion to US$10 billion.

What is actually kleptocracy?

‘Klepto’ is thief, ‘cracy’ is rule.

Therefore, literally kleptocracy means ‘rule by thieves’.

A rule of government of any possible kind, which those in power exploit and steal national resources.

That used its power and official position for personal gain or to steal from its people.

Aiming to stay in power – corruption, collusion and nepotism.

A government dominated by unethical leaders but who pretend to be honest. In reality there is rampant greed and involvement in corruption.

Impose a massive tax burden on the public and enterprises.

A kleptocracy government treats their country’s treasure as though it were their own bank account.

Exploits the wealth of the public and uses the proceeds for their own use or glorification.

They spend funds on luxury projects to obtain more commissions.

A government that practices cronyism and nepotism by awarding prime contracts and civil service posts to relatives or personal friends rather than being given to competent candidates.

Create projects at policy level as the main reason to funnel money out of the treasury to themselves or cronies with little viability or necessity of the projects. More projects and programmes mean more money.

In actual fact, those are public money and should be used to build schools, hospitals, kampung roads and houses for the public.

In order for a country to be qualified to be labelled as a kleptocracy, it has to meet the above criteria.

What happened to the corrupted leaders?

Eventually, most of the corrupted leaders were ousted, got arrested, prosecuted or sentenced to life in prison. Worst of all, their spouses, children, grandchildren and families suffered and were humiliated for generations.

Are you ready for the consequences of these actions?

AKHBAR SATAR is president, Transparency International-Malaysia (TI-M).


…more
What is kleptocracy?
Akhbar Satar
24 July 2016 – malaysiakini

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